Crohn’s Disease is one of the two major chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, the other being Ulcerative Colitis. Its onset is believed to come about from an inappropriate inflammatory response to intestinal microbes in a genetically susceptible host. While it typically involved the ileum (the last section of the small intestine) and the colon it can impact any region of the intestines.
While symptoms are similar to other digestive conditions (altered bowel patterns, abdominal pain) others are far more extreme (weight loss, rectal bleeding, fever) as well as the occurrence of symptoms outside of the digestive tract such as joint pain and inflammation in the eye.
Crohn’s is confirmed through a range of tests which can be carried out through stool (to assess for inflammatory markers and the presence of infection or blood), through colonoscopy or endoscopy (to look for damage). CT scans or barium x-ray may also be performed.